The regulations concerning the fitting of tinted windows to the front of the vehicle.
Extract from Decree No. 2016-448 of April 13, 2016 amending certain provisions of the highway code relating to vehicles (in force from January 1, 2017):
The second, third and fourth paragraphs of article R. 316-3 are replaced by the following provisions:
“The windows of the windscreen and the front side windows on the driver's side and on the passenger's side must also have sufficient transparency, both from the inside and from the outside of the vehicle, and not cause any noticeable deformation of the objects seen by transparency nor no noticeable change in their colors. The transparency of these panes is considered sufficient if the regular light transmission factor is at least 70%. In the event of breakage, they must allow the driver to continue to see the road clearly.
Any operation likely to reduce the safety characteristics or the conditions of transparency of the windows provided for in the preceding paragraphs is prohibited.
The Minister in charge of transport fixes by decree the methods of application of this article. It determines in particular the conditions of approval, including transparency, of the different categories of glass fitted to the vehicles and, where applicable, the derogations that would be justified by medical reasons or the conditions for fitting out armored vehicles.
The fact of contravening the provisions of this article or those taken for its application, with the exception of those relating to the conditions of transparency, is punished by the fine provided for contraventions of the third class. »
After article R. 316-3, an article R. 316-3-1 is inserted as follows:
" Art. R. 316-3-1. - The fact, for any driver, of traveling with a vehicle that does not comply with the provisions of article R. 316-3 relating to the conditions of transparency of the windows set out in this article or those taken for its application is punished by fine provided for offenses of the fourth class. This contravention automatically gives rise to the reduction of three points of the driving licence.
Immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3. »
As it stands, as of January 1, 2017, VLT (Visible Light Transmission) must be at least 70% on the front side windows . Only the installation of Extreme Clear 70 and Black 70 films on the front windows is authorized for driving in areas governed by the French highway code.
The regulations concerning the application of tinted film on the rear side windows and the rear window.
Today, French legislation does not prohibit the installation of window films provided that they do not alter or distort the field of vision, and are not reflective.
The legal texts on glazing treatments that are a reference.
Article R.412-6 of the Highway Code:
Every driver of a vehicle must keep himself constantly in a state and in a position to carry out, conveniently and without delay, all the maneuvers which fall to him. In particular, his possibilities of movement and his field of vision must not be reduced by the affixing of non-transparent objects to the windows.
Article R.316-1 of the Highway Code:
All vehicles must offer a field of visibility to the driver, to the front, to the right and to the left, which is sufficient for him to be able to drive safely.
Article R.316-3 of the Highway Code:
In addition, it should be noted that no text in France, at the level of the Highway Code, formally prohibits the use of films on the windows. The application of window films is only prohibited on the windscreen.
All the windows, including those of the windscreen, must be of transparent substance. Consequently, in general, this operation is not recommended insofar as it may have an adverse effect on the optical purposes of the glazing.
However, if the vehicle has two exterior mirrors, some obscuring of the rear screen and the rear side windows (obtained by gluing or any other process) intended to protect the occupants of the rear seats from the sun is not prohibited.